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Federal Legislative Branch


The legislative branch drafts proposed laws, confirms or rejects presidential nominations for heads of federal agencies, federal judges, and the Supreme Court, and has the authority to declare war.

American citizens have the right to vote for Senators and Representatives through free, confidential ballots.



Congress


Senate

  • There are two elected Senators per state, totaling 100 Senators. A Senate term is six years and there is no limit to the number of terms an individual can serve.

  • The Senate has the sole power to confirm those of the President’s appointments that require consent, and to provide advice and consent to ratify treaties. There are, however, two exceptions to this rule: the House must also approve appointments to the Vice Presidency and any treaty that involves foreign trade.

  • The Senate also tries impeachment cases for federal officials referred to it by the House.

House of Representatives

  • There are 435 elected Representatives, which are divided among the 50 states in proportion to their total population. There are additional non-voting delegates who represent the District of Columbia and the territories. ‘

  • A Representative serves a two-year term, and there is no limit to the number of terms an individual can serve.

  • The House has several powers assigned exclusively to it, including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an Electoral College tie.

  • Special agencies and offices that provide support services to Congress.


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